When one speaks of top quality Persian carpets, the names of Isfahan
and Kashan lies halfway along a line drawn north form Isfahan towards
Today Kashan produces velvet, silks and carpets as well as interesting
ceramic and metal work. However, the huge bazaar and its side stalls are
dominated by the carpets woven on the 15,000 or so looms in the Kashan
area, which produce some 100 pieces every day.
In the town workshops all formats are produced including room size carpets
up to 12 sq. m (130 sq. ft). The villagers generally weave rugs up to
1.50 x 2.20 m
Clear blue or Red shades as well as beige and ivory are used for the field,
with numerous contrasting colors for the designs. The color excel in their
Amongest the many designs are found the majority of Persian floral motifs,
including arabesques and flower-stems, palmettes, rosettes, blossom and leaf
motifs. Rugs with medallion, mirror and vase designs, and pictorial rugs are
Warps and wefts are of finely spun cotton or silk.
The carpets are extremely dense and woven in the Persian knot. The weave is
fine to exceptionally fine, with 2,000-10,000 knots per sq. dm, or even finer
for silk carpets.
Very good quality wool, often obtained from Kermanshah. Top quality pieces
are made from kurk wool, occasionally with the use of silk for design outlines.
The material for silk carpets comes from local sericulture. Kashans are mostly
cut flat, those woven from kurk sheep's wool or silk, very flat.
These carpets belong to the best made in Persia and are exceptionally hard
wearing and highly decorative. The best pieces, especially whose which are old,
are a good investment. However, carpets of lower quality appear on the market
labelled Kashan which are woven in the surrounding villages.
Motashem Kashans, named after the workshops of a well-known Iranian
rug weaver, belong at the top of the highest category. Often woven in kurk
wool and silk to the highest finsih, a favourite design includes a pointed
oval medallion with the corners to match.